Yum搭建LNMP环境(动、静、库分离)--技术流ken

当前位置:首页百利宫信誉 >

百利宫信誉

Yum搭建LNMP环境(动、静、库分离)--技术流ken

时间:2019-06-10本站浏览次数:487

       

 

前言

本篇博客使用yum来搭建lnmp环境,将采用动态,静态以及数据库分开安装的方式即nginx,php,mysql.会被分开安装在不同的服务器之上,搭建出来一套lnmp环境,并部署wordpress进行测试。

 

LNMP准备环境

centos7

firewalld关闭状态

selinux关闭状态

nginx服务器IP:192.168.43.174

php、php-fpm、php-mysql服务器IP: 192.168.43.175

MySQL服务器IP:192.168.43.176

 

LNMP搭建

 

第一步:php、php-fpm、php-mysql服务器搭建

下载用于和数据库通信的php-mysql,支持php文件的php以及实现fastcgi的php-fpm

[root@server ~]# yum install php-mysql php php-fpm -y

 

第二步:配置php-fpm文件

主要修改12行处为本机的IP地址,24行处修改为nginx端的IP地址,保证本机有apache用户

; Start a new pool named "www". 2 [www] 3 4 ; The address on which to accept FastCGI requests. 5 ; Valid syntaxes are: 6 ; "ip.add.re.ss:port" - to listen on a TCP socket to a specific address on 7 ; a specific port; 8 ; "port" - to listen on a TCP socket to all addresses on a 9 ; specific port; 10 ; "/path/to/unix/socket" - to listen on a unix socket. 11 ; Note: This value is mandatory. 12 listen = 192.168.43.175:9000 ##这里修改为本机的IP地址 13 14 ; Set listen(2) backlog. A value of "-1" means unlimited. 15 ; Default Value: -1 16 ;listen.backlog = -1 17 18 ; List of ipv4 addresses of FastCGI clients which are allowed to connect. 19 ; Equivalent to the FCGI_WEB_SERVER_ADDRS environment variable in the original 20 ; PHP FCGI (5.2.2+). Makes sense only with a tcp listening socket. Each address 21 ; must be separated by a comma. If this value is left blank, conne; must be separated by a comma. If this value is left blank, connections will be 22 ; accepted from any ip address. 23 ; Default Value: any 24 listen.allowed_clients = 192.168.43.174 ##修改为nginx端的IP地址 25 26 ; Set permissions for unix socket, if one is used. In Linux, read/write 27 ; permissions must be set in order to allow connections from a web server. Many 28 ; BSD-derived systems allow connections regardless of permissions. 29 ; Default Values: user and group are set as the running user 30 ; mode is set to 0666 31 ;listen.owner = nobody 32 ;listen.group = nobody 33 ;listen.mode = 0666 34 35 ; Unix user/group of processes 36 ; Note: The user is mandatory. If the group is not set, the default user"s group 37 ; will be used. 38 ; RPM: apache Choosed to be able to access some dir as httpd 39 user = apache #确保有apache用户 40 ; RPM: Keep a group allowed to write in log dir. 41 group = apache #确保有apache组...

检查是否有apache用户,如果没有需要下载httpd服务,或者自建apache用户即可

[root@server ~]# id apacheuid=998(apache) gid=48(apache) groups=48(apache)

 

第三步:启动php-fpm服务

监听本机的9000端口

[root@server ~]# systemctl restart php-fpm[root@server ~]# ss -tnl | grep 9000LISTEN 0 128 192.168.43.175:9000 *:*

 

第四步:下载nginx

在192.168.43.174服务器上面下载nginx

[root@proxy ~]# yum install nginx -y

 

第五步:配置nginx

添加如下一个location,fastcgi_pass执行刚才配置的php服务器端

[root@proxy ~]# vim /etc/nginx/nginx.conf... server { listen 80; server_name _; root /var/www/html; index index.html index.php; # Load configuration files for the default server block. # include /etc/nginx/default.d/*.conf; location ~ .php$ { fastcgi_pass 192.168.43.175:9000; include fastcgi.conf; }....

 

第六步:检查nginx配置

[root@proxy ~]# nginx -tnginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is oknginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful

 

第七步:启动nginx

检查无误后启动nginx

[root@proxy ~]# systemctl restart nginx [root@proxy ~]# ss -tnl | lsof -i :80COMMAND PID USER FD TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAMEnginx 9433 root 6u IPv4 188674 0t0 TCP *:http (LISTEN)nginx 9434 nginx 6u IPv4 188674 0t0 TCP *:http (LISTEN)

 

第八步:下载mysql

在mysql服务器端下载数据库

[root@agent ~]# yum install mariadb-server -y

 

第九步:启动数据库

[root@agent ~]# systemctl restart mariadb

 

第十步:建立数据库及用户

创建一个wordpress数据库,新建一个wordpress用户

[root@agent ~]# mysql -uroot -p123Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or g.Your MySQL connection id is 116Server version: 5.7.23-log MySQL Community Server (GPL)Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.Type "help;" or "h" for help. Type "c" to clear the current input statement.MySQL [(none)]> create database wordpress;Query OK, 1 row affected (0.06 sec)MySQL [(none)]> grant all on wordpress.* to wordpress@"%" identified by "123";Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.07 sec)MySQL [(none)]> flush privileges;Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.02 sec)

 

经过以上十步lnmp环境就已经搭建完成

 

LNMP环境部署wordpress进行测试

第一步:nginx服务器端准备wordpress文件

[root@proxy ~]# cd /var/www/html/[root@proxy html]# ls[root@proxy html]# rz[root@proxy html]# lswordpress-3.3.1-zh_CN.zip[root@proxy html]# yum install unzip -y[root@proxy html]# unzip wordpress-3.3.1-zh_CN.zip

 

第二步:php服务器端也要准备wordpress文件

至于为什么也要在php服务器端准备wordpress文件是因为nginx文件里面的配置,相当于动静分离架构,动态文件即php文件会来php服务器端来找

[root@server ~]# cd /var/www/html/[root@server html]# ls[root@server html]# rz[root@server html]# lswordpress-3.3.1-zh_CN.zip[root@proxy html]# yum install unzip -y[root@server html]# unzip wordpress-3.3.1-zh_CN.zip[root@server html]# lswordpress wordpress-3.3.1-zh_CN.zip

 

 

第三步:浏览器测试

在浏览器输入nginx服务器的ip地址

点击创建一个配置文件

点击现在就开始

输入之前创建的数据库信息及用户信息,点击提交

提示创建失败,只能进行手工创建(nginx服务器端及php服务器端执行下面同样的操作)

[root@proxy html]# cd wordpress[root@proxy wordpress]# cp wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php [root@proxy wordpress]# vim wp-config.php // ** MySQL 设置 - 具体信息来自您正在使用的主机 ** ///** WordPress 数据库的名称 */define("DB_NAME", "wordpress");/** MySQL 数据库用户名 */define("DB_USER", "wordpress");/** MySQL 数据库密码 */define("DB_PASSWORD", "123");/** MySQL 主机 */define("DB_HOST", "192.168.43.176");/** 创建数据表时默认的文字编码 */define("DB_CHARSET", "utf8");

再次打开浏览器进行测试

根据提示输入以上信息,点击下面的安装

 

输入账号和密码进行登录即可

 

至此LNMP服务搭建完成

, 1, 0, 9);




公司地址:广西南宁市江南区五一西路
联系人:马兴华 18517582721
韩荣举 18892855980
电话:13992791738 传真:oe4upel@162.com
邮箱:rn2t7we0@qq.com

粤公网安备 44030702001579号

澳门百利宫官网@